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Molecular mechanism of interactions between Chrysin and I-kappa-B kinase epsilon (IKKe)/Tank Binding Kinase-1(TBK1): Cell based assay and insilico molecular docking studies [High Throughput Screening Facility].

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TitleMolecular mechanism of interactions between Chrysin and I-kappa-B kinase epsilon (IKKe)/Tank Binding Kinase-1(TBK1): Cell based assay and insilico molecular docking studies [High Throughput Screening Facility].
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSiddiqui AM, Akhtar J, S SUddin M, Khan MIrfan, Khalid M
JournalJ Biomol Struct Dyn
Pagination1-9
Date Published2019 Feb 15
ISSN1538-0254
Abstract

Chrysin, a bioactive flavonoid, was investigated for its potential to inhibit the activity of I-kappa-B kinase epsilon (IKKe) / Tank Binding Kinase-1(TBK1) an enzyme responsible for production of pro inflammatory cytokine and suppression of energy expenditure genes, finally causing insulin resistance and obesity. Expressions of majority of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly IC) mediated genes are mediated through Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domainߝcontaining adapter-inducing interferon (TRIF) dependent signalling pathway. To check the therapeutic potential of chrysin its effect was examined on Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domainߝcontaining adapter-inducing interferon (TRIF) dependent pathway. Chrysin showed significant inhibition of I-kappa-B kinase epsilon (IKKe) / Tank Binding Kinase-1(TBK1) enzyme activity by kinase assay. Chrysin suppressed the I-kappa-B kinase epsilon expression induced by polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid resulting into decrease expression of target genes interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP10), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in macrophage-like cell line. Chrysin also showed increase in oxygen consumption in osteosarcoma cell line hence alleviating energy expenditure and thermogenesis. Moreover, insilico analysis shows that chrysin interact weakly with I-kappa-B kinase epsilon (IKKe) but displayed good interaction with Tank Binding Kinase-1 (TBK1). Overall these results suggested that I-kappa-B kinase epsilon (IKKe) / Tank Binding Kinase-1(TBK1) may be a novel target for chrysin that possesses anti-inflammatory and insulin sensitivity effects at I-kappa-B kinase epsilon (IKKe) / Tank Binding Kinase-1(TBK1) binding sites.

DOI10.1080/07391102.2019.1581086
Alternate JournalJ. Biomol. Struct. Dyn.
PubMed ID30767626