|Identification of key amino acid residues in OqxB mediated efflux of fluoroquinolones using site-directed mutagenesis [Bugworks Research Pvt. Ltd., a C-CAMP Startup]
|Year of Publication
|Bhowmik P, Bharatham N, Murakami S, Ramachandran V, Datta S
|2023 Feb 02
OqxB belongs to the RND (Resistance-Nodulation-Division) efflux pump family, recognized widely as a major contributor towards enhancing antimicrobial resistance. It is known to be predominantly present in all Klebsiella spp. and is attributed for its role in increasing resistance against an array of antibiotics like nitrofurantoin, quinolones, β-lactams and colistin. However, the presence of oqxB encoding this efflux pump is not limited only to Klebsiella spp., but is also found to occur via horizontal gene transfer in other bacterial genera like Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae and Salmonella spp. Recently, we reported the crystal structure of OqxB and its structure-function relationship required for the efflux of fluoroquinolones. Extending these findings further, we characterized the structural architecture of this efflux pump along with identifying some critical amino acids at the substrate binding domain of OqxB. Based on our in silico modelling studies, both, hydrophobic residues (F180, L280, L621, F626) and polar residues (R48, E50, E184, R157, R774) were found to be located at this site. The present work reports the importance of these key amino acid residues and the crucial ion-pair interactions at the substrate-binding pocket, thereby establishing their role in OqxB mediated efflux and the resultant resistance development against fluoroquinolones.