|Title||Ultrashort Peptide-Based Hydrogel for the Healing of Critical Bone Defects in Rabbits [C-CAMP BIG Grantee/Startup]|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Yadav N, Kumar U, Roopmani P, Krishnan UMaheswari, Sethuraman S, Chauhan MK, Chauhan VS|
|Journal||ACS Appl Mater Interfaces|
|Date Published||2022 Nov 19|
The use of hydrogels as scaffolds for three-dimensional (3D) cell growth is an active area of research in tissue engineering. Herein, we report the self-assembly of an ultrashort peptide, a tetrapeptide, Asp-Leu-IIe-IIe, the shortest peptide sequence from a highly fibrillogenic protein TDP-43, into the hydrogel. The hydrogel was mechanically strong and highly stable, with storage modulus values in MPa ranges. The hydrogel supported the proliferation and successful differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in its matrix as assessed by cell viability, calcium deposition, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and the expression of osteogenic marker gene studies. To check whether the hydrogel supports 3D growth and regeneration in conditions, a rabbit critical bone defect model was used. Micro-computed tomography (CT) and X-ray analysis demonstrated the formation of mineralized neobone in the defect areas, with significantly higher bone mineralization and relative bone densities in animals treated with the peptide hydrogel compared to nontreated and matrigel treatment groups. The ultrashort peptide-based hydrogel developed in this work holds great potential for its further development as tissue regeneration and/or engineering scaffolds.
|Alternate Journal||ACS Appl Mater Interfaces|